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Mobile Computing May 13, 2016

Posted by gschroedermarquette in 2016 Trends.
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While certainly not a new trend for 2016, mobile computing remains an important topic this year. Mobile computing continues to expand in scope to include not only more traditional items like laptops and smart phones—and the growth in smart phone usage alone is reason enough to consider mobile computing a trend—but now also includes other Internet connected devices like cars and wearables. This year mobile computing also seems to be encompassing more than just devices. Instead modern mobile computing can be thought of “as a primary compute platform” [1] where users can take their work (or connected leisure activities like games and social media) with them wherever they go regardless of the device they use to connect.

This ability to take ideas from place to place via a computing infrastructure that can be accessed from anywhere using any device really captures the still unfulfilled promise of mobile computing. Steps toward fulfilling that promise are what keep mobile computing a trend worth watching this year and will continue to keep mobile computing a trend worth watching for years to come. Steps toward fulfilling that promise also tend to blur the line between mobile and a couple of other trends: Internet of Things (IoT) and cloud computing. It is nearly impossible, today, to talk about any one of those ideas without talking about all three. It is my view that mobile represents the overall trend and IoT and cloud computing represent the mechanisms by which the ideal of mobile computing is realized.

Cloud computing represents the infrastructure behind true mobility. Mobile devices have existed, now, for decades. But thinking back to early personal digital assistants (PDA) and mobile computers, it is hard to think of them as “mobile” in the way that today’s smart phones are mobile. Early devices required files be manually transferred by the device owner from device to device. If a user forgot to transfer a particular file, that file remained inaccessible until the user returned to a device that contained that file. Today’s mobile environment is powered by cloud computing. The cloud infrastructure ensures that a user’s content is available wherever and whenever the user wants it.

The potential scope of cloud-enabled, mobile computing is hard to overstate. A study by the Kenan-Flagler Business School found that “1 in 3 millennials said that he/she would prioritize … device flexibility and work mobility over salary in accepting a job offer.” [2] Since millennials continue to increase as a demographic in the workplace, any trend that 1 in 3 of them consider important (especially more important than salary) is a trend worth watching.

Where cloud computing is the back end infrastructure of mobile computing, IoT is the front end device infrastructure. More and more devices are becoming Internet connected as creative engineers find new ways to insert ever smaller radios into devices that once functioned just fine without connectivity. Once exposed to the now-connected version of devices that used to function without connectivity, people will likely find it difficult to go back to the unconnected version. From a personal perspective, since purchasing a smart watch, I cannot image being motivated to wear a watch that only tells time and perhaps allows for the setting of an alarm. Why wear a watch that won’t give me directions, change the music playing in my car, read my e-mail, and perform a myriad of other useful functions? I just can’t see ever going back from a smart watch to a “dumb” watch.

Engineers will continue to find new and creative ways to connect devices to the Internet. Some of those devices will become the realization of today’s science fiction and some of those devices are likely to be things that even science fiction cannot currently imagine. And “devices” is a term best defined loosely. For example, Alphabet (Google) just filed a patent to implant the human eye with electronics. [3] If electronics can be added to something, it’s just a matter of time before a radio can be added, enabling Internet connectivity. Successful implementation of such technology would redefine the term “device” to include human beings.

By turning ourselves into connected devices, the true potential of mobile computing could be reached. Ideas could be accessed by nearly anyone from nearly anywhere nearly instantaneously. Once that ultimate ideal in mobility is reached, mobile computing may drop off the list of top trends in computing. But that ideal state, while moving ever more incrementally closer, is still likely remain unattainable in the near future. Until then, mobile computing is, and will continue to be, a trend worth watching.


[1] Lockhart, E. (2015, November). Experts predict 2016 enterprise mobility trends. Retrieved May 13, 2016, from http://searchmobilecomputing.techtarget.com/feature/Experts-predict-2016-enterprise-mobility-trends

[2] Kratz, H. (2013). Maximizing Millennials: The Who, How, and Why of Managing Gen Y. Retrieved May 13, 2016, from https://onlinemba.unc.edu/blog/geny-in-the-workplace/

[3] Hsu, J. (2016, April 28). Google Patent Reveals Vision for Cyborg Eye Implant – Lovesick Cyborg. Retrieved May 13, 2016, from http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/lovesick-cyborg/2016/04/28/google-patent-reveals-vision-for-cyborg-eye-implant/#.VzX2amP_Rps



Hybrid Cloud May 12, 2016

Posted by gorski77 in 2016 Trends.
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The hybrid cloud approach is gaining attention and is starting to be widely used across the business landscape.  With this widespread adoption comes risks and benefits.  Although the cloud is still in its infancy, businesses are starting to realize the benefits of its uses for their business.  This is why the hybrid approach to the cloud is garnering so much attention for everyday business purposes.   Analyzing this upward trend of adoption to the hybrid approach will only solidify how businesses conduct business in the future.  By analyzing and doing further research on hybrid cloud adoption we can see the upward trend of hybrid cloud adoption effecting today’s business landscapes in a positive and negative way.  These effects can be seen as security issues as well as cost cuts for a business. Using the Diffusion of Innovations theory shows and proves that cloud adoption is rapidly changing the landscape of today’s businesses.

In the research done by Gartner titled “Predicts 2016: Cloud computing to Drive Digital Business, published 8 December 2015” it states how cloud computing will drive digital business in 2016.  Since the cloud trend isn’t going away anytime soon, Rightscale (leader in could portfolio Management) noticed this and catered its State of the Cloud Report to highlight the current trend in the cloud.  Using the Diffusion of Innovation theory will prove that the “tipping point” (the point where a trend catches fire) of this trend is here.

By understanding the tipping point you can see that change happens rather quickly when it comes to a social system or in this case the business landscape.  By understanding that the tipping point stems from the diffusion theory and the set of generalizations that are called the Mechanisms of Diffusion, you will better understand the widespread adoption of the hybrid cloud approach.  This is why the tipping point is crucial because once you are there, change is rather easy and quick.

In regards to Diffusion of Innovations, by Everett Rodgers (1995) he explains diffusion as a process where communication plays a part in innovation over time amongst members of a social system.  The interesting part of the diffusion theory is that innovation-decision relies heavily on other members of the societal system.  When it comes to a successful adoption of a trend people tend to see that it follows a S-curve.  Once 10-25% adoption of an innovation is reached next comes the rapid adoption by the rest of the people not on board with adoption.  People will adopt an innovation when it enhances one’s utility.  This is basically saying that the innovation must have an advantage over what they are accustomed to.


Fitness Trackers and the Internet of Things (IoT) May 10, 2016

Posted by francinearchie82 in 2016 Trends.
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Health and Wellness has always been a popular New Year’s Resolution theme, but in recent years, that has become a trend evident throughout the year. Maybe it should be expected, considering the body-conscious, selfie-taking society we currently live in, or maybe we can attribute it to the health insurance requirement imposed upon the American people by the US government. Regardless of the reason, it’s clear that people care about their health. Businesses also recognize the pertinent health and wellness trend and are capitalizing on the hype by supplying smart devices and applications for health monitoring.

Smart devices are capable of connecting to each other, yet they can also function on their own, [1] and are a great example of the Internet of Things (IoT). IoT is a culture in which devices are interconnected to simplify life through the data exchange between the world and technology [2]. Wearable devices such as Fitbits [3], which track the number of steps taken each day and heartrate, and other patient monitoring devices for blood glucose levels, telemetry, and weight are smart devices whose aim is to empower the individuals to track their bodily activities for the betterment of health and wellness. The functionality of fitness/wellness tracking has been simplified by incorporating smart devices and the applications that support them.

Smart wearable devices have been credited with getting people active again; some strived for personal satisfaction while others competiveness. A study was conducted last fall with older women to see if fitness trackers would motivate them to become more active, and it resulted not being able to prove or discredit the question. The study did strike a question, “Do trackers spark users to do a little more?” and it was determined that by using tracking devices, be it for fitness or for health monitoring, knowing that someone else is checking the logs increases the accountability aspect. [4]

Google Trends reports shows that the interest over time of fitness trackers started to rise in the beginning of 2013, spiking to the highest peak in the beginning of 2015. [5] The random rise is attributed to the success of IoT, as fitness trackers have the ability to connect to smartphones, computers and tablets.

Overall, the trend of fitness trackers doesn’t seem to be going away anytime soon. I own a Fitbit myself, and compete daily with friends and family members. Even though I don’t win all of the time, I do strive to do some kind of daily activity. Also, I don’t think that simply by owning a fitness tracker will cause anyone to become healthy; there has to be some desire to want to be active, and in turn, healthier.


[1] Smart Devices. Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Smart_devices

[2] Internet of Things (IoT). Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_of_Things

[3] Fitbit. www.fitbit.com

[4] “Can Digital Fitness Trackers Get You Moving?” 27 August 2015. Godman, Heidi. Harvard Health Publications. http://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/can-digital-fitness-trackers-get-you-moving-201508278214

[5] Google Trends. https://www.google.com/trends/explore#q=%22fitness+trackers%22


The Internet of Things is going to change how we look at the world. May 7, 2016

Posted by Benjamin Beeman in 2016 Trends.
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The internet of things ( IoT ) is one of many trends in the area of information technology.   IoT is the idea that anything and everything now has the potential to be connected to the Internet and provide some sort of data through some form of cloud infrastructure. Anything from a toaster, to an automobile, to a locomotive can now be a center of data production to feed the next revolution since the creation of the Internet.

The potential impact scope of the IoT over time is without measure. I perceive that in the next few years IoT will show signs of impact in the industrial and healthcare world. As industrial machines and processes are driving data to the cloud, data analyses will bring fourth new achievements in efficiency and product development. In the healthcare world as patient data becomes mobile and cumulative, new medical advancements will happen at a faster rate. Patients will be able to track there overall health and compare it will overall trends. Doctors will be able to collaborate more efficiently as the whole health picture becomes clearer. This can only happen with the right amount of data and analytics.

Big industries are taking the leading charge in this area of technology. General Electric is leading the way with the creation of its Industrial Internet. GE’s Industrial Internet is going to be the IoT for GE technology. It will be the driving force behind industrial analytics. They are currently rolling out Predix, which is GE’s cloud platform for the Industrial Internet. [1]

The IoT is going to be a big game changer in many areas for many years to come. New technologies are created all the time today. Many come and go, but the IoT is not just technology, it is a shift in the way we look at everything. My advice is, find an area that is of interest to you. See how applying the IoT could dramatically change how you think of it. Formulate a theory on how the IoT might positively affect it. Then get excited and dive in.


[1] “Hansel and Gretel.” GE Digital: Built for Industry. Built for Business Innovation. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 May 2016. <http://go.digital.ge.com/Predix-The-Industrial-Internet-Platform-Brief.html?utm_source=Google&utm_campaign=US_-_IOT_-_BM&utm_medium=ppc&utm_content=%2Bindustrial+%2Binternet&gclid=CjwKEAjwpLa5BRCTwcXS6_rpvC4SJACTDQMMYYq20fhCpENQ8DAJsvVW0ZkYhLdDQukPgyYU3J9pdBoCDjnw_wcB&gt;.

Virtual Reality Gets Closer to Market Reality May 7, 2016

Posted by seiferta in 2016 Trends.
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Virtual reality has had somewhat of a rocky road in its adoption. In the 80s and 90s, there was significant hype around virtual reality, and it was hoped to change everything [1]. Then the devices flopped in the market, with Nintendo’s Virtual Boy being a prime example [2]. Fast forward a couple of decades and we are now on the precipice of a potential revival of virtual reality.

According to Wikipedia, virtual reality is a “computer technology that replicates an environment, real or imagined, and simulates a user’s physical presence and environment in a way that allows the user to interact with it” [3]. With the successful Kickstarter campaign for the Occulus Rift, we are seeing a wave of new consumer-grade VR devices enter the market. While these devices will mainly be used for entertainment—such as video games—soon they will be adopted by businesses. According to Gartner, due to the “innovation in immersive [head-mounted displays] (HMDs) entertainment in the consumer market,” businesses will also begin to adopt VR [4]. Gartner estimates sales of HMD devices to be around 25 million by 2019. Some areas of business where VR could be beneficial include healthcare, entertainment, education, real estate, marketing, and tourism. An example of entertainment is the partnership between Live Nation and NextVR, where they will offer live music performances for certain device owners. Users will be able to attend live music performances from the comfort of their own homes [5]. For tourism, customers could visit any place on earth—or beyond earth for that matter—without needing to pay travel fees, which can be cost prohibitive. For the time being, consumer-grade HDMs will probably be adopted most by the gaming community, because they are more likely to already own the hardware required by the devices. While mobile phones offer entry-level virtual reality through offers such as Google Cardboard, these are just the beginning, and often lack the computing power needed to have a more enjoyable VR experience. Prices for the more capable devices are sure to fall as the devices evolve and computing power continues to decline.

The growth of this trend can be seen by the wave of new products currently entering the market.  While the current price points are still relatively high, early adopters will begin exploring VR’s capabilities.

According to TechRepublic, 2016 will be pegged as a learning year.  More people will begin to experience virtual reality and look for new ways to benefit from the technology. More money will also be pumped into virtual reality development. Digi-Capital forecasts the VR market to be at $30 billion by 2020, and $150 billion if you include augmented reality [6].  These are exciting prospects for those who have been waiting over 20 years for virtual reality to become a reality.

Virtual reality could finally have its breakthrough in the years to come, and consumers and businesses should take note. Businesses offering VR experiences will need to continually provide new entertainment value ensuring customers do not get bored with repeat experiences and move away from the technology. Businesses should also start thinking about how VR can be incorporated into their operations. VR is already used for training purposes, such as flight training and driver training. What other forms of training could use VR? With any environment able to be rendered, VR could be used in almost any training scenario. Businesses offering experiences could also find huge benefits with VR, and should start looking for ways to provide consumers with exceptional experiences. VR could have profound breakthroughs in the medical field as well. For instance, researchers at Oxford University developed a way for people suffering from paranoia to confront their fears in a virtual environment.  After a half-hour session, “50 percent of the group said they were cured of severe paranoia” [7].  Such results are extremely promising. It will be interesting to see how virtual reality plays out in the years to come. Hopefully this time around it will be more accepted, and could potentially change everything.


[1] Carson, Erin. “Why virtual reality could finally mend it broken promise.” TechRepublic. http://www.techrepublic.com/article/why-virtual-reality-could-finally-mend-its-broken-promise/

[2] Wikipedia: Virtual boy. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virtual_Boy

[3] Wikipedia: Virtual reality. http://www.digi-capital.com/news/2015/04/augmentedvirtual-reality-to-hit-150-billion-disrupting-mobile-by-2020/#.Vy4ryvkrKUm

[4] David W. Cearley, Brian Blau, Brian Burke, Mike J. Walker. “Top 10 Strategic Technology Trends for 2016: The Device Mesh.” Gartner. February 26, 2016.

[5] Hall, Parker. “New Partnership Will Bring Hundreds of Live Concerts to Virtual Reality Headsets.” Digital Trends. May 4, 2016. http://www.digitaltrends.com/home-theater/live-nation-nextvr-virtual-reality-concerts/

[6] “Augmented/Virtual Reality to hit $150 billion disruption mobile by 2020.” Digi-Capital. April 2015. http://www.digi-capital.com/news/2015/04/augmentedvirtual-reality-to-hit-150-billion-disrupting-mobile-by-2020/#.Vy4ryvkrKUm

[7] Furness, Dyllan. “Paranoia Patients Cured by Facing Their Fears in Virtual Reality.” Digital Trends. May 6, 2016. http://www.digitaltrends.com/virtual-reality/virtual-reality-paranoia-therapy/

2016 – IT TREND: (Cloud Computing): May 7, 2016

Posted by Vijaya Lakshmi Chennamsetti in 2016 Trends.
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In the field of Information Technology (IT) we have been seeing many trends surfacing and disappearing during the past 3 decades. Mostly this is one of the areas/field which has witnessed in past and also into future trends getting and out at a very fast pace in history. Out of the many current trends I would like to choose Cloud Computing/Services trend into 2016 and future.

Organizations and People live in a computer-world and the need is for not only enough storage to save their data but also in mobile way. Decades ago this need got started to be met by the invention of floppy disks and then came the CD’s, DVD’s, External Hard drives, USB drives…etc. Now the trend is cloud services to help use data whenever and wherever and top of all with extreme protection towards data loss or corruption.

Even amidst the challenge of reliability, control, and trust, the  Private and Public Cloud Secure Transfer Services are beginning to reveal themselves and will surely prove acceptable and user friendly in the coming years. As mentioned by one of our team mates during our group discussions – Switch (https://www.supernap.com/) has bridged this gap, by providing nearly unlimited mega watts for the housed client.

One of the 3 ways of cloud computing (mentioned below) based on the Organization and Individual will be the number one trend in limelight as we are already seeing a great demand in these areas.

  • SAAS: Software as a service
  • PAAS: Platform as a service
  • IAAS: Infrastructure as service

Data collection over the past decades since storing the data electronically had started has led to tons of data available. This has lead to the evolution of NOSQL type of databases, the emergence of Hadoop etc. Now the analytics field taking major prominence with organizations to work on 100% of the data available is leading towards cloud services to host and maintain the data.

The increased data gathering capabilities over decades has lead to make more and more data available making it more impractical than it currently is for organizations to host and maintain and make 100% of the data available for the data analytics team.  So organizations will continue to move their data to cloud-based providers who can quickly provide the appropriate resources for data storage and processing and availability. Though this has been a competitive trend every year, but with ever increasing capabilities provided by computing technology companies are finding it now more cost effective to have IT infrastructures in the cloud versus onsite. The issue of security is one area that prevents some companies fully investing in cloud computing.

More organizations are looking at ways to enhance their architecture that they are gravitating towards using the cloud for their operations.  Cloud computing allows users to spin up computer environments on demand using the clouds resources.  I believe here at Marquette we are utilizing some cloud storage space for some of our exchange accounts.

The facts like [1] “It’s a data land grab”, “Big companies go cloud in a big way”, “Cloud analytics helps IT”, “Moving data to the cloud gets closer to copy/paste”, “Hybrid cloud strategies get easier” are a great indicative of the growth and current state of cloud computing.

The Cloud Computing Trends: 2016 State of the Cloud Survey [2] state the below facts

–Significant Growth in Hybrid Cloud Adoption:  In the twelve months since the last State of the Cloud Survey, there has been a  strong growth in hybrid cloud adoption as public cloud users added private cloud resource pools. 77 percent of respondents are now adopting private cloud up from 63 percent last year. As a result, use of hybrid cloud environments has grown to 71 percent. In total, 95 percent of respondents are now using cloud up from 93 percent in 2015. [2]

–Hybrid Cloud Adoption Grew Significantly: Private cloud adoption increased from 63 percent to 77 percent, driving hybrid cloud adoption up from 58 percent to 71 percent year-over-year. [2]

–17 percent of enterprises now have more than 1,000 VMs in public cloud, up from 13 percent in 2015. [2]

–Private cloud showed even stronger growth with 31 percent of enterprises running more than 1,000 VMs, up from 22 percent in 2015. [2]

–Overall DevOps adoption rises from 66 to 74 percent, with enterprises reaching 81 percent. [2]

–VMware vSphere continues to lead with strong year-over-year growth. 44 percent of all respondents report they use it as a private cloud. [2]

–OpenStack and VMware vCloud Suite both show strong growth and remain tied at 19 percent adoption overall. [2]

Therefore, cloud computing will play a crucial role in computing.  Penetrating into the corporate and academic sides of today’s society, cloud computing is becoming more of an expectation and characteristic of many systems instead of being an additional feature. With the progression of the stability of cloud computing and the increase in security and encryption capability, cloud computing truly has the ability to evolve the computing industry for years to come.




[2] http://www.rightscale.com/blog/cloud-industry-insights/cloud-computing-trends-2016-state-cloud-survey

2016 Trends – 3D Printing – Nikhil Tomy May 7, 2016

Posted by nikhil.j.tomy in 2016 Trends.
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  1. Definition of Trend/Technology 

3D Printing can be defined as the development of a 3-dimensional object based on a digital file that is configured by the user. The process used to generate the object is known as additive processing where the object is broken into several successive horizontal layers. Consequently, when printed, each successive layer is laid until the object is fully created [1]. From a historical perspective, 3D Printing has existed since the 1970s. However, the technology was considered to be large and expensive, which could only be afforded by commercial businesses. It was not until 2007, when the RepRap project by Dr. Adrian Bowyer from the University of Bath in the United Kingdom came to fruition, which caused the technology to gain increased momentum. The project is an open source rapid prototyping system to develop small parts in a low cost and effective manner. [2] To put things into perspective, from an economic stand point, the cost of a 3D printer once upon a time could range from 100,000 to 1 million dollars [3]. However, today, after the emergence of the RepRap project, the home version of a 3D printer can be purchased as low as 500 dollars.

  1. Scope

 As mentioned earlier, 3D printing has existed for a long period but recent advancements in the technology has allowed it to be cost-effective, opening more opportunities for small businesses and personal use. For businesses that are growing, the latest form of 3D printing allows prototyping at lower costs. In addition, flexibility exists where companies like Shapeways can perform 3D Printing based on the customer’s designs at reasonable rate based on the size and material of the desired object [4]. The impact of 3D printing can be exemplified through the work of researchers have been able to use 3D Printing to be able to print out cells to form kidneys, liver and the heart. However, the complexity has been to form the vascular networks. Additional studies are being done where fibers are likely to be printed through the model. Once printed, endothelial cells are to be coated over the fibers. Once hardened, the goal is to remove the printed fibers, leaving a hollow vascular fiber. Finally, the objective is “to print organ cells around these networks to keep the tissue alive” [5]. The project clearly validates the immense power and potential of 3D Printing.

  1. Growth

As of 2016, the 3D printing industry is currently worth 7.3 billion and the industry will reach nearly 21 billion. Consumer electronics and automotive industry capture 40% of the growth while the medical device industry is responsible for 15% of the growth. An interesting statistic that validates the strength of 3D printing is the fact that it only represents 0.04% of global manufacturing. If the 3D printing industry can capture 5% of global manufacturing, the industry would be worth $640 billion [6]. In addition, the expected amount to be spent on 3D Printing is likely to rise from 11 billion to 26.7 billion dollars by 2019 [7]. The prices of the systems has been the main proponent for the growth of the industry, where it has allowed hobbyists to enter the market. However, a recent study by Deloitte states that 3D printing is “likely to remain a specialized application and is not likely to replace traditional production” [8]. Although the benefits of 3D Printing makes the trend fascinating to monitor, the safety risks that 3D Printing poses have to be equally accounted for. For instance, developing 3D objects based on stolen blueprints are considered to be one of the most serious risks of the technology [9]. Not to mention, 3D printed weapons in the hands of the wrong people.

  1. Final Statement

The 3D Printing trend is one that will not diminish over next decade, rather it is likely to continue growing especially in the third world countries. The potential of the technology is very powerful and it leads for further innovation. However, through its potential, there is a sufficient amount of risk that it poses to the general safety of the public, which must not be ignored. In regard to recommendations for the future of the trend, I believe that further investments into the software used to generate the configuration files for the objects will require further attention, especially to make it more user friendly. This will further boost the growth of the industry.

  1. Sources

[1] http://3dprinting.com/what-is-3d-printing/

[2] http://3dprintingindustry.com/3d-printing-basics-free-beginners-guide/history/

[3] http://www.economist.com/blogs/babbage/2012/09/3d-printing

[4] http://www.forbes.com/sites/capitalonespark/2013/05/06/3d-printing-could-be-a-boon-for-small-business/#57be53b716fc

[5] https://3dprint.com/30482/3d-printing-2014/

[6] https://news.slashdot.org/story/16/05/06/2147257/3d-printing-industry-to-triple-in-four-years-to-21-billion

[7] https://3dprint.com/116562/3d-printing-26-billion-by-2019/

[8] http://3dprintingindustry.com/2012/10/18/current-state-and-future-predictions-for-the-growth-of-the-3d-printing-industry/

[9] http://www.forbes.com/sites/zurich/2016/05/06/when-3d-printing-gets-into-the-wrong-hands/#38ed1e6524a6

The Internet of Things Report May 7, 2016

Posted by 7942francor in 2016 Trends.
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The Internet of Things is this concept of connecting physical objects to the internet through the use of sensors in order to collect and transmit data. The internet of things has been a trending topic now for a couple years and I don’t believe we will see it decline any time soon [1].  In 2012 there was an estimated 9 billion connected devices and by 2020 there will be an estimated 40 billion connected devices [2]. In today’s world people are obsessed with collecting and sharing data. There is an entire movement called the Quantified Self Movement that speaks to this desire for collecting data regarding one’s own life [3]. We collect data regarding our fitness, our heart rates, movements, how often we eat, what we eat, our sleep patterns, etc. People collect this data in hopes of becoming more efficient, smarter and overall improve their quality of life.

Our near future will look and feel vastly different than today’s world. The potential that the internet of things carries with itself is enormous. In the next few years we will see the emergence of self driving vehicles. Automakers are competing to get their self driving prototypes into production as soon as possible. Chevrolet for example is in talks with taxi service Lyft to get their self driving, all electric, vehicle to replace actual taxi drivers [4]. Home automation systems are becoming so much more affordable and will be part of every new home in the future. It is estimated that the average home owner can save $1,352 per year just by automating the lighting and thermostat [5]. Security systems are also simpler and cheaper when your home is automated. The internet of things will make businesses more efficient and safer with quality control sensors on heavy machinery to prevent potentially dangerous and expensive machine failures [6]. The internet of things is just starting to explode due to the technology that makes it possible finally catching up to our desire to constantly self improve. The costs of sensors and microprocessors have dropped incredibly low. Computers in 2013 cost roughly 4% of what they used to cost 20 years ago and are even lower today [7].

The internet of things market is estimated to be worth $157.05 billion and by 2020 will be worth $661 billion [8]. This is currently a huge market with plenty of investors and consumers. It is still very new but it’s viability in todays fast pace, data hungry world, looks to be more than good. According to a Gartner report, by 2017, 50% of the internet of things solutions will come from startup companies that are less than 3 years old [9]. This technology has been extremely beneficial for small companies and the overall economy. This is most likely due to the fact that people are constantly thinking about solutions to their everyday problems and inconveniences.  In so long as people keep on striving to be better and make their lives more efficient, the internet of things will flourish.

The internet of things will make our world much safer and efficient. It will bring wasted costs down and help us to be healthier.  We must invest heavily into the internet of things right from the beginning to get people excited about this new technology. We also must take great care in not moving too quickly for many people are still fearful of embedding technology in their everyday lives. I believe if people keep their minds open, they will quickly realize the positive impact this technology can have on our communities, cities, nations, and even the world.



[1] Google Trends <https://www.google.com/trends/explore#q=internet%20of%20things&gt;

[2] Home Automation Info <http://www.homeautomationinfo.com/Drupal/homeautomation_future&gt;

[3] Live Science <http://www.livescience.com/39185-quantified-self-movement.html&gt;

[4] CNET <http://www.cnet.com/roadshow/news/your-next-lyft-driver-may-be-in-a-gm-self-driving-car-chevrolet-chevy-bolt/&gt;

[5] Alliance Security <http://www.alliancesecurity.com/1352-reasons-consider-home-automation&gt;

[6] Postscapes <http://postscapes.com/internet-of-things-examples/&gt;

[7] BLS <http://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2015/long-term-price-trends-for-computers-tvs-and-related-items.htm&gt;

[8] Markets and Markets <http://www.marketsandmarkets.com/PressReleases/iot-m2m.asp&gt;

[9] Gartner <http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/2869521&gt;

Machine Learning May 6, 2016

Posted by Haochen Sun in 2016 Trends.
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  1. Definition of the trend/technology

For the final post, I choose machine learning as my target thread to analysis. Machine learning, as defined by Wikipedia, is a subfield of computer science that evolved from the study of pattern recognition and computational learning theory in artificial intelligence. [1] It is most rapidly growing fields, lying at the intersection of computer science and statistics, and at the core of artificial intelligence and data science. [2] In the past decade, machine learning has given us self-driving cars, practical speech recognition, effective web search, and a vastly improved understanding of the human genome. Machine learning is so pervasive today that you probably use it dozens of times a day without knowing it. [3]

  1. Scopes of the potential impact

The adoption of machine learning can be found in science, technology and commerce, even in our daily life, including home cleaner, gaming, education, and self-driving cars. Auto-vacuum-cleaner is most common and useful home cleaner that using machine learning you may not know. Based on report of research and market, “The analysts forecast the global robotic vacuum cleaner market to grow at a CAGR of 15.3% during the period 2016-2020.”[4] And in the U.S, “the analysts forecast the Residential Robotic Vacuum Cleaner market to grow at a CAGR of 6.43 percent and 4.45 percent in terms of revenue and unit shipment, respectively, over the period 2014-2019.”[5] When you browse through Spotify or Netflix or Amazon, machine learning is watching you. Judging by Amazon’s success, the recommendation system works. “The company reported a 29% sales increase to $12.83 billion during its second fiscal quarter, up from $9.9 billion during the same time last year.”[6]

  1. Evidence of the growth and current state of the technology/trend

According to a new market research report, Cognitive Computing Market (Natural Language Processing, Machine Learning, and Automated Reasoning) to grow from $2,510.4 Million in 2014 to $12,550.2 Million by 2019. This represents a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 38.0% from 2014 to 2019. [7] Based on explore on Google Trends, interest on machine learning increase rapidly since 2004 to 2016. And I attached the link below, you can see the trends over time by clicking the link. Based on market research and google trends, I believe the machine learning will be the buzzword in this 5 years. In the March, the news about machine learning is very hot. The news talks about the first computer program, Google AlphaGo, to ever beat a professional player at the game of go. A Google AlphaGo uses a combination of machine learning and tree search techniques, I think it is the best evidence to describe current of the machine learning technology.


  1. Summary statement about the importance and impact that includes recommendations/advice.

Machine learning landscape is likely to change over the coming years as it continues to both exert an influence on other fields and be influenced by others. In our daily life, the machine learning things are more and more common and useful in our life, like robotic vacuum, self-driving cars. And it also paly huge role in somewhere we don’t know, like content recommendation in Netflix and Amazon. For recommendations/advice, I think people should learning to accept and adopt these smart things. These high technology will make our life easier.



[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Machine_learning

[2] http://science.sciencemag.org/content/sci/349/6245/255.full.pdf?TB_iframe=true

[3] https://www.coursera.org/learn/machine-learning/lecture/zYS8T/autonomous-driving

[4] http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/37p8b5/global_robotic

[5] http://www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/3058664/residential-robotic-vacuum-cleaner-market-in-the#relb0

[6] http://fortune.com/2012/07/30/amazons-recommendation-secret/

[7] http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/cognitive-computing-market-worth-125502-million-by-2019-500919761.html


Mobile Device May 6, 2016

Posted by yuboli in 2016 Trends.
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  1. Definition

The trend I choose to describe is the mobile device. The mobile device is a kind of small device which people can handheld it [1]. Usually, it has display screen and touch input or keyboard (not all of them). This kind of device outfit some technologies, such as GPS, Bluetooth or Wi-Fi and so on [1]. Some mobile devices need to be connected to the internet so that people can gain the information from the internet through the device, such as mobile phones. But some of them do not need to be connected to the internet, for example, sports bracelet can record people’s sports data without internet. To track the location, it only needs the GPS. Mobile device includes wearable devices, but not only wearable device. Wearable devices usually are used by people, but another type of devices can be used not only by people, such as vehicles.


  1. Scope of Potential Impact

Although mobile device technology is a kind of new technology, it is everywhere nowadays. It is influencing people’s daily life. Such as the mobile phone, for the international students, they maybe go home once a year. In the past, when they miss their family, what they only can do was see the photograph of them. But now, they can make a phone call or have a video chat everywhere by using the mobile phone, for example, when they walk around the lake, they can share the landscape with their family through the video chat. The mobile device also has an impact on medicine. The doctor can follow-up a medical test when the patient is at home because a wearable device is equipped on the patient [2], such as the heart rate monitor. However, there are also some negative impacts about the mobile device. The device is easy to be handled, meanwhile, it is also easy to be lost. Once it is lost, people’s personal information, such as identity and credit card information, will be leaked [3]. It is a problem about the security. Additionally, most of mobile devices can connect to the internet. It is easy for the hackers to attack the devices. For mobile phone, phone conversations can easily be overheard [3]. As a result, mobile devices have both positive and negative impacts.


  1. Evidence of Growth and Current State

An example about the evidence of growth in mobile device is from my own. I brought a new car last month. I choose the Progressive Casualty Insurance Company for my car. Normally, the payment depends on what kind of car I have, what is my job and how many miles I will drive during a year and so on. This usually is confirmed when I quoted the price. And that’s the step I have. However, after one week, I received a snapshot from the Progressive. It said that if I choose to plug the device into my car, I will have an opportunity to have discount based on my save driving. Because this mobile device can collect information about how I drive, how much I drive and when I drive. The better I drive, the more discount I can have. But if I have a risky driving habits, such as slam brakes, high speed, probably my bill will increase [4]. Another evidence is Mobile Payment. Mobile payment is based on the mobile phone. In China, lots of people use Alipay. If we download the Alipay app, we can pay the payment everywhere. More easily, each transaction will generate a QR code, we can pay the payment only by scanning the QR code.


  1. Summary Statement

In my memory, the first mobile device which I have heard (except mobile phone) is the pedometer. The device doesn’t have many functions like today. It’s only 15 years up to now. But the mobile devices have all kinds of functions, such as heart rate measurement. Additionally, today’s mobile device not only be used in our daily life, but also in many fields, such as medical science. As the result, we can see the mobile device is developed very fast. In my opinion, the technology based on the mobile device will continue to be improved. We all happy that they are improving, but meanwhile, we also should pay attention to the negative impact, such as security.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mobile_device

[2] http://www.zdnet.com/article/mobile-technology-the-amazing-impact-on-our-lives/

[3] https://ist.mit.edu/security/mobile_devices

[4] https://www.progressive.com/auto/snapshot-common-questions/


Are Internet of Things Impacting you? May 6, 2016

Posted by Dawn Turzinski in 2016 Trends.
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Have you ever just stopped and looked around you and wondered what things/devices are impacting your everyday life? And look at how it has evolved over the years and what has changed? Who would have thought that Cell phones, Computers (Laptop/tablet), Cars and other gadgets; where they have come from and where they are going! The concept of Internet of Things is becoming a hot topic in our everyday life. So what is Internet of Things?  It is a network of devices or physical objects that have embedded sensors/software that can connected to a network. This connection allows these objects to collect/store and exchange the data with other platforms. [1] As I sat in my car this morning, I thought of what Internet of things am I currently using? I started to list them. IPhone, IPad, Fitbit, GPS, Laptop, Car/Cam Senor for backing up, Bluetooth. As you sit there and think about the scope of this trend it is literally exploding before your eyes.

So we ask why this trend is exploding. Since the cost of broadband Internet has been decreasing, more devices are being built with Wi-fi capabilities and sensors built in them. As a whole you see technology costs going down and smartphone penetration is sky-rocketing. All of these things are creating a perfect environment for IOT.

“The Analyst Gartner predicts by 2020 there will be over 26 billion connected devices”.   So, where are we going with IOT?   Some examples include, health wellbeing; FitBit, Apple Watch, the Owlet (baby health monitor), monitor for aging family member, monitor for medication.   For your home; you can manage your heating and cooling of your house, oven, tracking your keys, house lighting, home resource disaster deterrent and plant monitor. For the City; we have recycle collection station, parking sensor, pollution warnings, electricity usage monitor and street light monitor. For industry; maintain and repair equipment monitors, retail vendor sales analyst monitor (monitors how customers are interacting with their products), monitor building support structure, farmer soil tracking, and monitors for maintaining quality consistency for manufactures. And finally for the environment; we have monitors for pollution levels. Track water, protect wildlife, landslide monitor, deforester tracker and know the variables of bee behavior. [3]

All of these things will be impacting and transforming the industry and changing the way we live and work. So how does all this impact you? Well for example; you are running late and stuck in traffic. Your car could send a text message to the parties and also find you the fasted route to your destination. Your phone could send a messages after you wake up to start the coffee brewing. What if your office equipment knew it was running low on supplies and automatically re-ordered it for you? What if your health device could tell you when you are at your most active and productive time and share that information to be analyzed? [2]

There have been advances in other areas that also contribute to this trend moving forward. Such other trend is big data. Now, think about this we have all of this data coming from all of these IOT gadgets; where is the data going. It is being stored somewhere to be analyzed by some form of data mining analytic tool. With the advances in Big Data will help the organizations store/analyze and query this data to get the most accurate results of their IOT implementation.  [4]   Do we really want to go where this trend is taking us? Here is something to think about? For example, you have the health application on your phone. In which you could input some of your private information on there. Is your phone secure? Is this data safe? Is this being shared with anyone? Well, where we are going with this is your information is going to be shared and analyzed. Maybe in the future, they could predict when you are going to be sick and send you a message on what to look out for?

With this emergence of IOT becomes some challenges that an organization will face and that will be security, skill set and organization vision/goals.  As I see this trend moving in the future, ones organization vision/goals need to align with moving toward more IOT to become a leader in that industry.  That organization will need to research and analyze if the benefits outweigh the cost.  Once working with the Vendors’; good communication needs to be successful in order to properly effectively implement your IOT solution and bring the best return on investment back to the organization.  With all these advances coming down I see the resource skill set will need to updated and kept in pace with this technology advancements so they don’t get behind.  Security is big, and with all of these devices coming on board to the network comes vulnerabilities that the security team needs to address.  One needs to keep up to date with the newest security software/trends in order to properly protect the infrastructure for a potential hack.  [4]   Effective strong organization structure with the proper goals will allow the organization to be successful with any IOT implementation. And we ask the question; what will the trends bring us tomorrow?



  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_of_Things
  2. http://www.forbes.com/sites/jacobmorgan/2014/05/13/simple-explanation-internet-things-that-anyone-can-understand/#17e211896828
  3. http://postscapes.com/internet-of-things-examples/
  4. http://www.gartner.com/document/3039117?ref=solrAll&refval=162377159&qid=4e03c8526e268c4468ffbec8ef2de296


Analysis Trends of IoT (internet of things) May 6, 2016

Posted by duoalex in 2016 Trends.
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As we all know, data plays a vital role in our current society, because it has closed links with all things around us. It will be more convenient for us to make the daily information data- oriented. For instance, the dated-oriented business information will improve the decision-making, the work efficiency and the core competitiveness. And the connection between life items and the Internet will make the use of information more efficiently, so that it can make it possible for enterprises and users to enjoy the more convenience of data acquisition. This is the IoT.

The definition of IoT (internet of things), is not only related to object. IoT is a system, that include the IoT object (such as devices, vehicles, buildings, etc.), and that embedded with the things that can make them get connected with the Internet, the communication between them, applications and data analysis. [1] With the development of Iot, the dream of building smart home, office, and city is becoming true. The theory of IoT was first proposed by the British networking scientist Kevin Ashton [1]. According to a survey from “idtechex.com”, that there will be more than 3500 attendees, and no less than 225 exhibitions attend in 2016’s IoT show. [6] We can see the enthusiasm of the people is very high towards IoT technologies.

The Internet of thing was called another Industrial Revolution by scientists, because of its making transformation on interactive mode of enterprises, organizations, government sectors, users, and the physical world. According to a report retrieved from the businessinsider.com, before 2020, 340 million devices will be linked to the IoT (Internet of things), and the number in 2015 is only 100 million. [2] That is to say, during the 5 years, IoT devices will be grown into 240 million units, including 100 million units of traditional computing devices (e.g., tablet PC, notebook, personal computers, etc.). And in terms of the capital, the next five years will witness nearly 6 trillion dollars will be invested to networking solutions.

According to a survey named “Internet of things survey 4Q14: industry and regional perspective” from Gartner.com. We can draw a conclusion, that companies organizations in Asia/Pacific are more interested in IoT. [3] Their understanding and application for IoT are better than North America or Europe. In addition, if we put IoT into Google trends, we can also know the top three regions that are interested in IoT are South Korea, Taiwan, and China. They all belong to Asia/Pacific.[4] It is worth mentioning that, the investment of Asian countries for IoT projects is increasing year by year. According to International Data Corporation’s (IDC) announce that: “the Asia/Pacific Internet of Things (IoT) industry will continue its strong growth and it “Market Size” will increase from USD250 billion to USD583 billion.” [7]

In conclusion, IoT will exert a huge impact on both traditional industrial and commercial pattern, but due to the highly developed high-tech industries, the impact will mainly reflected in the relatively backward industries, such as traditional agriculture, because there are more space of technology and growth in traditional agriculture. Hence, I suggest we should pay more attention to the security and internet access of IoT, because they are still two obstacles in the further development of IoT. And, personally, I prefer to the smart home with application of IoT, this new application includes access control, light and temperature control, energy optimization, predictive maintenance, connected appliances, and so on. [5] In addition, it will also have great market prospects with the gradual increase of people’s demand on the quality of life.









[7] http://www.idc.com/getdoc.jsp?containerId=prHK25553415

Security Trend May 5, 2016

Posted by kmeach in 2016 Trends.
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Security Trend 2016

This topics course at Marquette University focused on technological trends in 2016.  Cyber security is an important trend to consider.  We have all read about security breaches in recent years.  These have occurred at Home Depot, Target, and even Apple.  These are companies that service a large portion of US consumers.  When our identities are stolen as part of our transactions with these companies, it affects our lives and makes national news.  This has happened so often lately, the issue has become a technological trend.

We should first consider the definition of the security we are talking about.  Cybersecurity is the protection of information systems from theft or damage to the hardware, the software, and to the information on them. It includes controlling physical access to the hardware, as well as protecting against harm that may come via network accessdata and code injection, and due to malpractice by operators, whether intentionalaccidental, or due to them being tricked into deviating from secure procedures. [1] This definition is broad and accurately describes the depth security plays in information systems.  When thinking about the scope and impact of this trend, all of these variables should be considered.

The scope of potential impact of this trend can be far reaching just as the definition is.  Established in 1969, ISACA is a global nonprofit association of 140,000 IT audit, risk, governance and cybersecurity professionals in 180 countries.  Research studies and insights from ISACA’s Cybersecurity Nexus (CSX) reveal trends in security that are expected to surface in 2016, including: cyber extortion will hit wearables, hackers will target cloud providers, and cybersecurity will become the “it” job of IT. [2]  These issues have started to happen and one famous occurrence happened during our class this semester.  The FBI recently asked Apple to unlock an Iphone to access an Icloud account.   They wanted a secret key to unlock all Iphones.  While this is not a black hat hacker, it is a similar idea, and the concept of data ownership and trust is key.  PR was spun to measure and sway public opinion, news reports were filed, and Apple was threatened with legal action if it did not comply with helping the FBI.  Apple did not comply, but another company did step in and eventually help break the one Iphone code.  If Apple had buckled, this would have been a major breach of security for all Iphone users.  If Apple had caved it would have sent a message that any group of hackers worldwide would know they could extort the company from that point forward.  It also would have been made public that their devices were no longer secure.  The amount of users this would have affected is staggering.  There are currently over 40 million Iphone users just in the US [3].

The growth of IT security can best viewed through sales figures of the devices we use everyday.  The first Iphone sold 6.1M units in 2007.  Apple sold 44M iphones in just the fourth quarter of 2015 [4].  These sales figures illustrate the growth of users now using mobile phones worldwide.  These consumers are not just using personal computers for an hour in the evening to check an account or play a game.  They are now carrying mobile computers with them all day long and using them morning to night to help with all their tasks.  These are no longer adults either.  These users are now young children and elderly.  This concept of user growth leads to questions of the security required.  If not just for improving security algorithms, the growth of security can be seen in other areas such as the enterprise level, consumer level, programming level, and data level.  These needs can be seen in the various new tasks, procedures, monitoring requirements, reporting issues, and documenting functions required to keep people safe and secure.  The concept of security really has become pervasive due to the shifting use and growth of technology.

A use case is best to describe this trend.  My neighbors were part of the Target data breach.  They were alerted by Target and credit monitoring was provided to them.  In the same period of time they also had their tax return fraudulently submitted to the IRS by someone else using their information.  While it is hard to directly link the two events since no one was ever charged with a crime, it seems rather odd to have happened just months apart.  In their discussions with the IRS that year, and in the years since, they have been told that fraud has been increasing year to year as data is more available and being stolen and returns are being submitted online by hackers over and over.  This has cost my neighbors hundreds of hours of time trying to fix this issue over the years and shows the growth and need for increased and improved cyber security.

My team this semester wrote a similar paper on IT security.  We focused more on the Internet of Things.  Our conclusions for that topic are similar to my conclusions for this general security research.  Due to the increased number and diversity of users, devices, and applications I feel that continuous improvement of security is required, agility of techniques should always be considered, and improved security training is required at both the organizational and consumer levels.  I do not feel that security as it is today will be adequate in the near future.  I believe that new methods of security should be investigated just as new methods of hacking are being developed.  Finally, I think that the manufacturers and the government should offer more security training to at risk individuals, especially children and elderly.



[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computer_security

[2] http://www.reuters.com/article/il-isaca-idUSnBw165814a+100+BSW20151216

[3] http://www.statista.com/statistics/232790/forecast-of-apple-users-in-the-us/

Additive Manufacturing/3D Printing May 5, 2016

Posted by cgreigmu06 in 2016 Trends.
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  • Definition

Additive Manufacturing/3D Printing was not my first choice when I started out the semester during my initial researching trends for 2016.  The hot buzz words at the time were machine learning, cloud computing and big data.  All in their own right are very appealing, but what caught my attention with 3D Printing is it uses outside of the tech world.  The basic definition for 3D printing is that it is a process for making three dimensional objects from a computer file [1].  Using a computer program to create a 3D rendering file the information is passed to a printer that will be used to print each layer of material to make the 3D object.  The object can be anything from kids play toy to a skull replacement part or even a part on the international space station [2].  For 3D printing the options are endless and the technology is continuing to grow.

  • Scope of Potential Impact

The potential impact for 3D printing according to Gartner’s 2015 Hype Cycle is not only growing but is moving at an increasing pace and could influence many areas of computing [3].  Like in many areas of computing, 3D printing has been around for many years, the reason for its’s relevance now is due to the product becoming more affordable for both consumers and suppliers. The one area that 3D printing has the biggest impact right now is in the medical field.  There has already been countless of instances where 3D printing is being used to create various medical parts.  One of the most interesting uses of 3D printing was a recent story where a duck was given the ability to waddle again by having feet created for it through 3D printing [4].  This is just one example, but in the coming years there will be many examples that 3D printing was used not only to save someone’s life, but allow then the ability to do something that might not have been possible before.  This in itself is the biggest reason why 3D printing will have a long term impact and growth.

  • Evidence of Growth

From a recent spending guide from International Data Corporation (IDC), the 3D printing industry could grow from $11 billion in 2015 to $26.7 billion by 2019, which signifies a major market trend that could see a 27% annual growth rate [5].  As evident with the growth rate above you can see that this trend is impacting many areas of business [6].  Current areas of business are in the medical and aerospace field, along with market niches in everyday household products.  Though 3D printing will not fully replace current manufacturing practices it is evident that 3D printing can provide customers will more customized products that are made without waste, leading to a more useful long term product and growth.

  • Summary Statement

As with any trend growth is important and 3D printing has all of the parts to make it a successful trend and will be a part of the trending cycle for years to come.  3D printing is touching many different areas of technology with instances of 3D printing reaching outside of technology and having a positive impact on people’s lives.  Though there are areas of concern with 3D printing in regards safety, legality and privacy sharing.  3D printing can be a trend that leads us all forward in creating a better future.


[1] “What is 3D prining?” 3D Printing.com, available online at:  http://3dprinting.com/what-is-3d-printing/

[2] “3D Printers Reviews”, TopTenReviews, available online at:  http://www.toptenreviews.com/computers/3d-printers/best-3d-printers/

[3] Michael Shanler, Pete Basiliere. “Hype Cycle for 3D Printing, 2015.” Gartner. July 27, 2015.

[4] Bridget Butler Millsaps, “Phillip the Duck Gets Two New 3D Printed Orange, Webbed Feet & Waddles to New Life in a Sanctuary”, 3Dprint.com, May 1, 2016, available online at:  https://3dprint.com/132166/phillip-the-duck-3d-print-feet/

[5] Scott Grunewald. “Worldwide Spending on 3D Printing to Grow from Nearly $11 Billion to $26.7 Billion by 2019.” 3Dprint.com. January 25, 2016. https://3dprint.com/116562/3d-printing-26-billion-by-2019/

[6] “The road ahead for 3-D printers”, PwC, available online at:  http://www.pwc.com/us/en/technology-forecast/2014/3d-printing/features/future-3d-printing.html

Trend Topic: Cloud Computing May 5, 2016

Posted by erictong10 in 2016 Trends.
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  1. Definition of the trend/technology

The trends to focus on in this post will be the concepts and ideas around cloud computing.  There are three major aspects of cloud computing: Platform as a Service (PaaS), Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) and Software as a Service (SaaS). Many every day users of computers usually have more interaction with SaaS and IaaS as both of these pertain to things such as software downloading off the internet and saving/backing up data in the cloud. SaaS is known (as stated in the previous sentence) as individual’s ability to install, upgrade and manage software off a server without the need of an actual disk or artifact. This allows individuals to access software with a single click of a button on their computer. IaaS provides individuals with their infrastructure computing needs. This allows individuals to access infrastructure type components such as network and storage in a virtual manner without the need of additional hardware. [1] PaaS is known as the service that allows customers, developers, etc. to develop and execute various web applications without having to maintain the infrastructure typically necessary for these applications. [2] This allows developers and companies to provide software to their customer at a fraction of the cost because of the reduction in responsibility of developing and maintaining the infrastructure components of their development.

  1. Scope of the potential impact in some quantifiable terms

From Forbes magazine, the author mentions, “In 2016, spending on public cloud Infrastructure as a Service hardware and software is forecast to reach $38B, growing to $173B in 2026. SaaS and PaaS portion of cloud hardware and infrastructure software spending are projected to reach $12B in 2016, growing to $55B in 2026.” [4] This is a huge impact in the cloud computing industry as companies are investing their funds in the improvement and development of cloud computing. With this investment, the development and expertise of cloud computing will continue to grow and the security and capabilities of cloud computing will provide the necessary tools for future computing development. Forbes also mentions, “Worldwide Public IT Cloud Service Revenue in 2018 is predicted to be $127B. Managed Services is projected to reach $256B by 2018. Emerging markets are predicted to be 21% of the Worldwide Public IT Cloud Services market by 2018. [4] This shows evidence of the continue adoption of cloud computing from consumers as they begin to become more knowledgeable and comfortable with the product. Just last year, ““The worldwide cloud computing market grew 28% to $110B in revenues in 2015. Synergy Research Group found that public IaaS/PaaS services attained the highest growth rate of 51%, followed by private & hybrid cloud infrastructure services at 45%.“[4] With the growth and adoption of PaaS, the PaaS market is projected to reach $14 billion by 2017. [5] With the continue investment, adoption and growth of cloud computing, cloud computing will continue to have a larger impact in all of our computing needs.

  1. Quantifiable evidence of the growth and current state of the technology/trend

Currently, SaaS has a presence in 77.3% of all organizations as of 2015, which shows the current involvement cloud computing has in different organizations [3]. Being able to obtain and deliver software in an effective and efficient manner is key for many companies to keep development cost low. From Forbes, one thing that was mentioned was that, “In 2015, Amazon Web Services (AWS) generated $7.88B in revenue with Q4 2015, up 69% over last year. VentureBeat’s financial analysis of AWS performance also found AWS profitable, contributing $687M in operating income for the quarter, up $240M from one year earlier.” [4]. Amazon web services is one of the largest cloud computing providers and they were able to see a huge increase in revenue by 69% in a single year which provides that consumers are integrating their daily computing activities and needs to the cloud. An article from Gartner mentions, “Global spending on IaaS is expected to reach almost US$16.5 billion in 2015, an increase of 32.8 percent from 2014, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) from 2014 to 2019 forecast at 29.1 percent, according to Gartner’s latest forecast.” [6] Similar to the statements made above in the potential impact, the continuous investment in the improvement and functionality of cloud computing shows the potential many companies see in cloud computing as part of their daily computing infrastructure.

  1. Statement about the importance and impact that includes recommendations/advice.

Cloud computing is going to continue to have a major impact in the way we develop, adopt and utilize computing artifacts. As stated in the above sections, many companies are investing and are going to continue to invest in the development and growth of cloud computing not only for their company, but also for their customers. One component that was in another post that I wrote about cloud computing is understanding the “top inhibitors to cloud adoption”. The article by software strategies mentions, “Top inhibitors to cloud adoption are security (45.2%), regulatory/compliance (36%), privacy (28.7%), lock-in (25.8%) and complexity (23.1%).” [3] These inhibitors should not push individuals or companies away from cloud computing but instead, individuals and companies should address and investigate these inhibitors to understand the capabilities of cloud computing. Understanding the capabilities of cloud computing will allow individuals to maximize their efficiency in the usage of cloud computing and understand ways of how to and how not to use cloud computing.


[1] When to use SaaS, PaaS, and IaaS. (n.d.). Retrieved May 04, 2016, from https://www.computenext.com/blog/when-to-use-saas-paas-and-iaas/

[2] What is Platform as a Service (PaaS)? – Definition from WhatIs.com. (n.d.). Retrieved May 02, 2016, from http://searchcloudcomputing.techtarget.com/definition/Platform-as-a-Service-PaaS

[3] Posts tagged ‘PaaS Forecast’. (n.d.). Retrieved February 09, 2016, from http://softwarestrategiesblog.com/tag/paas-forecast/

[4] Roundup of Cloud Computing Forecast and market estimates 2016. (2016, March 13). Retrieved May 04, 2016, from http://www.forbes.com/sites/louiscolumbus/2016/03/13/roundup-of-cloud-computing-forecasts-and-market-estimates-2016/#3428f96c74b0

[5] Kanaracus, C. (2013). PaaS market to reach $14 billion by 2017, IDC says. Retrieved May 04, 2016, from http://www.infoworld.com/article/2609060/paas/paas-market-to-reach–14-billion-by-2017–idc-says.html

[6] Gartner Says Worldwide Cloud Infrastructure-as-a-Service Spending to Grow 32.8 Percent in 2015. (n.d.). Retrieved May 04, 2016, from http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/3055225


Data Breach: Consequences & Repercussions May 2, 2016

Posted by shanederby in 2016 Trends.
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The consequence of not managing data storage needs, more importantly, not understanding the data being stored can result in magnificent costs to both the bottom line and the time it takes to reconcile the data breach.

The following two questions may prove helpful in defining and cataloging what we know about these costs and the scope of potential impact.

  1. What are the costs related to storing and managing large amounts of data (“Big Data”)?

Systems, Applications & Products (SAP)1 is a German multinational software corporation that makes enterprise software to manage business operations and customer relations.  SAP estimates that 2.5 quintillion bytes of new data are stored every day.  That’s right quintillion, the numeral one, followed by eighteen zeros (1,000,000,000,000,000,000)2.  Mobile traffic will grow by more than 60 percent3 over the next 3 years, adding to this already monumental data storage requirement.

So how much does it cost to store and maintain all this data? The answer is: a lot! Google spent $2.4 billion4 on production equipment, data center construction, and facilities in one quarter.  That’s right, in 3 months Google spent $2.4 billion for progress in data center construction.

Backing up the back-ups back up plays a large role in data storage and management costs. With more and more virtualization of data storage, meaning, the data is stored outside the desktop, laptop, or server, the need for data center storage becomes paramount.  Moreover, the data housed in a data center, and even, onsite within a particular business may be backed up dozens of times for compliance sake.  However, much of the data backed up in this manner is usually three to four times what compliance requires.  This translates very well to additional costs related to storing and managing data, than may not need to be managed.

At a granular level, it is fairly easy to track and calculate the capital costs of storing and managing data. In the past, some workstations were stand alone, or even completed with simple journals or logs.  Today, however, it becomes, more complex when considering each employee in the organization now has a direct link to this category of overhead.

2. What are the costs related to reconciling a data breach?

Two primary classes of data breaches normally appear in the headline news. (1) Identity Theft and (2) Healthcare Records. The evidence for growth in data breaches is alarming.

The former is primarily interested in the data contained inside of individual transactions, where the Identify Thief has gained access to a retailers secure server, is able to download a personal copy of transactional data containing many completed fields as possible. Ideally, the thief will have achieved a credit card or debit card number, the correct expiration date, pin number, zip code, name, address, and more.  Although all the information is not needed to create a fake card or use the data to attempt to conduct a transaction online.  The thief in this case, normally sells the information as a total data block for other thief’s to begin “phishing” campaigns in attempt to further secure any missing information and commandeer someone’s personal identify and begin opening accounts in their name or executing transactions.  Over 250 million records in this category have been compromised since 20055.

The latter is of even greater concern. Over 29 million healthcare records were breached6 between 2010 and 2013 alone, and Experian expects these breaches to increase to a potential cost of $5.6 billion annually7.  Second and third order effects can result from a healthcare record breach.  Many healthcare records contain social security numbers and information for next of kin and beneficiaries.  Thieves are intrigued by the net gain of potentially accessing more than one person’s identify inside of one record.

Cyber insurance may become much more attractive to healthcare companies, where only 24%8 of this industry has procured this type of protection.  When compiled with the fact that the average malware compromise was present for 205 days before detection9, the right mix of insurance and detection and response investment may prove successful in avoiding the magnificent cost of a data breach, which include, but not limited to: (1) Data theft/loss, (2) business interruption/loss of profit, (3) fines, (4) legal fees.

Therefore, what can be done by businesses and individuals to mitigate or avoid these costs? The answer: a lot!

The top three suggested solutions that provide immediate protection from Identity Theft:

  • Place a credit freeze with each credit reporting agency: (1) Experian, (2) Equifax, (3) Transunion. The cost is $10 to freeze, and $10 to unfreeze or “thaw” your report for a period of time, but the nominal cost far outweighs the potential cost of a thief opening up and charging an account in your name.
  • Be cautious of keeping a file on your computer with all your passwords to all of your accounts inside of this file. At a minimum encrypt it, ideally, keep a handwritten journal under lock and key or in a fire proof box at home.
  • Request your free credit report from each reporting agency. Request one report every 4 months from a different agency. Reconcile all the accounts to what you believe and understand you have, otherwise, contact the agency(s) immediately to resolve the issue.

Suggested Solutions for reducing data storage and management costs and avoiding a healthcare record compromise:

  • Businesses should schedule an annual or semi-annual data destruction party
  • Businesses should investigate the cost reasonableness to procure cyber insurance
  • Businesses should not require a social security number at any time, for any purpose.
  • Businesses should find new and innovative ways to manage beneficiary and next of kin data

Summary & Conclusion:

The concern for a data breach or unauthorized access and download of personally identifiable information from an individual end user or business is growing each day. While this report only attempts to catalog some evidence regarding the growth of data storage and the allure of gaining access to it for exploitation.  A wealth of knowledge is already available across multiple media channels and internet resources.  Forbes magazine and credit cards.com are just a few valuable tools to review additional personal actions that can be taken to protect personal and business data.  The simple and immediate actions are at your fingertips: (1) remove birthdates, addresses, and locations from social media accounts; disable GPS on your mobile devices, (2) Place a security freeze with all credit reporting agencies, and (3) PROTECT your passwords and change them often.

Keep your head up, stay alert and vigilant while (mobile) computing.


  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAP_SE
  2. https://www.google.com/?gws_rd=ssl#q=quintillion
  3. http://www.datacenterknowledge.com/archives/2014/11/13/management-multi-vendor-storage-environment/
  4. http://www.datacenterknowledge.com/archives/2015/10/23/billions-data-center-spending-behind-cloud-revenue-growth/
  5. http://www.creditcards.com/credit-card-news//10-steps-avoid-identity-theft-1282.php
  6. http://www.idtheftcenter.org/Data-Breaches/the-rising-costs-of-healthcare-data-breaches.html
  7. https://www.experian.com/assets/data-breach/white-papers/2015-industry-forecast-experian.pdf
  8. http://www.gartner.com/document/3004817?ref=solrAll&refval=166989186&qid=7efc6e2b539a8a44918d1367abf7fab9
  9. http://www.gartner.com/document/3183622?ref=solrAll&refval=166988923&qid=f43db048498c4008e255a02a1c4e8c5f




Topic: Wearable technology (and the IoT) April 28, 2016

Posted by sarahkoallick in 2016 Trends.
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  1. Definition

The trend I chose to analyze and write about is wearable technology, and in conjunction with that, the Internet of Things. Wearable technology is “clothing and accessories incorporating computer and advanced electronic technologies” [1]. These technologies serve a purpose and have practical function for the wearer. A few examples of these devices are smartwatches, fitness trackers, headphones, and smart glasses [2]. These types of technology contribute to the Internet of Things by connecting people in a more personal level to the web and/or cloud and by keeping them continuously connected. Information is sent from these devices to where it’s stored; these devices are connected to the network and don’t necessarily require human interaction to handle or use the data [1].

  1. Scope of Potential Impact

There has been a lot of growth and development in wearable devices and technology over the past few years. The devices related to the fitness and medical field have garnered particular interest from consumers [4]. However, the technology available from devices like this has overlapped into other areas of the IoT and gathered interest from companies looking to build new devices that attract consumers from all interests. There is potential in areas for consumer entertainment or efficiency, however, I see the most room for impact in the medical field. I have a friend who is Type 1 diabetic. The devices that he wears and uses are wirelessly connected; they report and track his blood sugar levels to help him monitor them. I also read about a device, in article [5], about a similar device that monitors asthma symptoms in asthmatic patients. To me this seems like the most useful and impactful use of wearable technology. That article further discusses many similar devices for different health conditions or ailments.

  1. Evidence of Growth

Examples of growth in this trend are plentiful and “analysts predict a sales boom on the horizon” [4]. There is still much to be added to current smartwatches and fitness trackers. And there are also newer, and not yet released technologies like Google Glass [1]. The current growth can be shown by smartwatches alone. There was the Apple watch, then the Samsung Watch and the Moto360 came along [1]. These devices all came from the success of the first and all come with their own features and unique capabilities. When technology takes off like this with consumers, it’s inevitable that other companies will work to build their own version of the newer, better, and faster product. The CEO of tech company Nymi, John Haggard, predicts that 2016 is gearing up to be another transitional year for wearables” [3]. Nymi is a tech company that has a heartwave-sensing wristband that also can record the owner’s fingerprint information; the company wants their technology to be used to replace passwords. Essentially this company wants their wearable device to become a three part security system and login system for apps [6]. This is the kind of impact and growth that is possible from the movement to wearable technology.

  1. Summary Statement

This area of technology has proven to be impactful already. There have been a few news articles recently about how FitBits have helped save a peoples’ lives. I think the medical benefits of these devices is the main benefit of it. Sure, there are functions of the smartwatches that help the busy, traveling CEO keep track of things without checking his phone all the time, but the medical field I think can benefit far greater from this trend. As far as recommendations go, I always suggest learning as much as you can about a technology before trying it. In the case of my friend, the diabetic, the technology that he has, helps him handle his diabetes in a proactive manner; he can monitor his own blood sugar levels easily and noticed if his levels are out of balance potentially before feeling the affects physically. The benefits of furthering research and development of this trend can, and I think will, have powerful impact.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wearable_technology

[2] http://www.howtogeek.com/207108/wearables-101-what-they-are-and-why-youll-be-seeing-a-lot-of-them/

[3] http://www.techrepublic.com/article/top-iot-and-wearable-tech-trends-for-2016-smartwatches-in- transition-as-smartglasses-rule/

[4] http://searchmobilecomputing.techtarget.com/feature/Trend-alert-Wearable-devices-are-about- to-take-off

[5] https://www.wearable-technologies.com/2015/04/wearables-in-healthcare/

[6] http://techcrunch.com/2013/09/03/nymi/

2016 Trends February 12, 2016

Posted by Marquette MS Computing in 2016 Trends.
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The seminar this spring is dealing with technology trends. Each student will report on at least one trend. They will present a prediction of the scope of impact in measurable terms, evidence of growth that suggests this is a trend forming, and recommendations and advice.