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What AI holds in next 30 years December 18, 2016

Posted by golamhasan in AI Present and Future.
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A couple of decades ago, artificial intelligence was science fiction, today in 2016 the progress in AI gives up high hopes about the future. In 30 years, I expect AI being used the most in the following fields, medical science, automobile and research in exploring the outer space. Robots would be used in providing health care for elderly persons, and patients with terminal diseases. Patient treatment would improve manifold. Advanced operating techniques would be possible with the better medical imaging procedures.

In the transportation sector, AI will play a huge role. We are already seeing cars and transportation being run by Artificial intelligence. But in future it can be expanded into many features. We can expect to see stuffs like traffic accidents analysis, integrated-driver-vehicle-system, visualization which will show other driver’s intentions and cooperation between driver and vehicle in automated mode. But these will require improved vehicle situational awareness in complex traffic scenarios. For that vehicles need to have better sensor hardware and software to have better behavior models.

Another field of advancement in AI is the research in space and automatics. AI not only enables us to improve projection and calculations, it allows us pin point the pitfalls and avoid it. With the implementation of machine learning the augmented reality is on my palms now. The success of Elon Musk’s initiative to explore Mars is on the horizon. In three decades to come, I anticipate that the space exploration will not be limited to Mars, rather extend to outer space beyond our solar system.

I believe in 30 years to come, cure to diseases and cutting edge effective diagnosis, space exploration and self driving cars on the street will be made available for every citizen of the world. However, to reach that goal, an effective plan and framework must be adopted along with a lot of continuous research. Of course the main field of AI are the technological advancement in improved machine vision and situational assessment.

References:

  1. Broadbent, E., Stafford, R., & MacDonald, B. (2009). Acceptance of healthcare robots for the older population: review and future directions. International Journal of Social Robotics, 1(4), 319-330.
  2. Bengler, K., Dietmayer, K., Farber, B., Maurer, M., Stiller, C., & Winner, H. (2014). Three decades of driver assistance systems: Review and future perspectives. IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine, 6(4), 6-22.
  3. Smith, J. T. (2016). The Future of Space Exploration: SpaceX’s Petitions for Inter Partes Review against Blue Origin’s Rocket-Landing Technology. SMU Sci. & Tech. L. Rev., 19, 65.

AI in 50 years December 10, 2016

Posted by kristenkozmary in AI Present and Future.
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In 50 years, I would expect AI to be fully integrated into our everyday lives. AI should seamlessly integrate into our routines. The beauty of a lot of AI is that we don’t even notice that we’re interacting with it. Things that were once seen as AI, after they are integrated into the mainstream, are no longer seen or thought of as AI. This is known as the AI effect [1]. I expect the Internet of Things to grow and all of technological devices will be connected and available through a single manager/assistant.

Hearables are up and coming, and in 50 years, I expect many more people to constantly have hearables in their ears at almost all times. In our discussions, many people concluded that hearables aren’t really AI, but may become so in the future [2]. I think that hearables will become a huge part of virtual assistants and will completely be considered AI in 50 years.

Cars will be vastly improved in the next 50 years. More companies will come out with autopilot features and completely autonomous cars. I think the jobs in the trucking industry will take a huge hit because there will be a lot more autonomous trucks that won’t need to take breaks or work for a maximum number of hours in a row.

I think AI will take over more jobs in the next 50 years, but I don’t know what percentage. In an article that we discussed for class, the author said that “50% of all jobs in the industrial and services sector” would be taken over by AI [3]. I think that this is plausible in the next 50 years, but I think it will probably take longer than that. People need some time to adjust to the possibility that they will need to change occupations and learn how to live and work alongside AI. 50 years is a pretty short time to expect such a huge adjustment.

 

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AI_effect

[2] unpublished communication

[3] Dirk Helbing, August 2016, researchgate.net, available online at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/305969593_Innovation_Accelerator_Why_Our_Innovation_System_Is_Failing_-_and_How_to_Change_This

AI in healthcare December 9, 2016

Posted by 1969mathelc in AI Present and Future.
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Being part of the healthcare industry, if I controlled research and development funds for my employer, when it comes to AI, I would push to partner up with leading AI companies that could help tackle some of the most difficult issues that we are facing in healthcare. AI is making breakthrough advances in many categories; however, one area that it seems to be struggling with the most is in Healthcare. This is not to say that there hasn’t already been any AI advancements in healthcare, however, I believe that Healthcare would be the greatest area to benefit from AI. The ultimate goal of healthcare is simple: it is to save lives. Although there may be some ethical issues involved in certain regions within healthcare, there would not be as many disagreements as there is when it comes to a topic such as AI robots used to kill, or even AI used in driver-less cars.

The reason why we don’t hear as much of AI in healthcare is because it is a much more complicated topic. One of the most pure AI components that is today working towards healthcare is IBM’s Watson. Watson started off as a research project that gained its popularity on the “Jeopardy!” gameshow. Although at the time it seemed that Watson had a solution to all problems, it hasn’t been as performant in the healthcare world, yet.  As IBM executives have admitted themselves that “medicine proved far more difficult than they anticipated. Costs and frustration mounted on Watson’s early projects. They were scaled back, refocused and occasionally shelved.” [1] This is not to say that has not been any success for AI in healthcare. An optimistic example is that of Enlitic, a start-up in San Francisco, which has claimed that its algorithm was 50% more accurate than human radiologists at detecting lung cancer based on a test done on 6000 diagnoses [1].

Both the difficulties and successes of AI should be motivation to invest more in healthcare. Once the technology becomes even more advanced and more reliable in the healthcare field, it will work wonders. It has the potential to save many lives in the future, all while saving in cost. The beauty of its success would be that it would contribute in the overall health of humanity rather than simply providing luxury, or even worse triggering chaos/war.

 

REFERENCES

[1] Lohr, Steve (2016, February 28). The Promise of Artificial Intelligence Unfolds in Small Steps. Retrieved December 06 2016 from  http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/29/technology/the-promise-of-artificial-intelligence-unfolds-in-small-steps.html?action=click&contentCollection=Technology&module=RelatedCoverage&region=EndOfArticle&pgtype=article

AI Present and Future December 9, 2016

Posted by Justin in AI Present and Future.
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As a citizen of the world, I have a few things to talk about in regards to artificial intelligence and its potential usages that we currently are taking it for granted. Nowadays, artificial intelligence is so common in our daily operation and lives that often times we don’t even realize we are using it. It has almost gotten to a point where artificial intelligence where we as humans get so used to some of the functions and convenience artificial intelligence provides us that we no longer care as we believe it has become the norm.

However, there are still a lot of things that we should be cautious about moving forward with researches and manufacturing of artificial intelligence products. For example, the original idea of funding robots was that we want to create something that will make our lives easier. Though the original intend was to improve living quality of our day to day lives, there are so many robots-like products that doesn’t serve that purpose. Recently there has been researches talking about we need to make robots more natural, where it behaves and thinks more like a human.

In my opinion, that is a waste of research effort and waste of public funding, considering the fact that it contributes little to making the daily operations easier for us. The primary reasons why we invest in artificial intelligence is because we had a vision that artificial intelligence has more capabilities than us in solving complex problems and making accurate predictions of what is to come in the near future based on the existing data. However, we have steered out of the rail because the robots that are being made now does not contribute any solution, all that it is doing is to make humans feel that robots are more friendly and also have emotions that they may express. Further, the primary functions of these robots are no greater than phone assistants like Siri and Cortana, though they do possess emotions, but the overall efficiency and practicality of these robotics products are still minimal [1] .

In addition, I understand that the majority of the people wants to have autonomous vehicles operated by artificial intelligence. However, I will need to caution the world against that idea. The reasons being autonomous vehicle currently do not have the ability to distinguish what is morally right form what is not. It is debatable whether or not the advancements in technology will ever be able to solve the moral issues that humans are capable of judging based on the circumstances. In theory autonomous vehicles will be safe and secure for all users to enjoy the worry free ride without any concerns. However, in addition to the failure to make the right judgement for moral issues, we need to also consider the potential risks of malicious users trying to compromise the primary functions of the autonomous vehicle. Though cyber security risks and threats may seem unlikely to happen, but researchers should not overlook the potential threats and risks in this because eventually there will be a time where artificial intelligence is fully integrated into our day to day lives. If cyber security defense systems fails, the vehicle gets compromised while the passengers do not have the ability to take over control, then it is very likely that the likelihood of road incidents will increase dramatically if a malicious user has the knowledge and the skills to compromise autonomous vehicles.  [2][3]

Despite the concerns and belief that we should approach artificial intelligence with caution on some aspects of things, I still support the tools that we have access to that are categorized under assistant AI and augmented AI. The future ahead seems promising for humans to integrate these types of robotics products to help solve tedious problems and improve life quality for individuals on a daily basis. I believe these types of artificial intelligence is the type that should receive public support and funding as they are very practical and does make a different in our lives by eliminating basic and repetitive tasks from our to-do lists. In addition to assistant and augmented artificial intelligence, I also support autonomous artificial intelligence if they are used for analyzing complex problems and providing researchers with potential solutions at a faster rate to help human race improve in the field of technology. [4]

 

 

 

[1]  Incredibles !. 5 Coolest ROBOTS You Can Actually Own! (2016). June 16, 2016. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0XmUaHf-11A&gt;

[2] Unpublished communications

[3] Markoff, John. Should your driverless car hit a pedestrian to save your life?. June 23, 2016. <http://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/24/technology/should-your-driverless-car-hit-a-pedestrian-to-save-your-life.html?action=click&contentCollection=Technology&module=RelatedCoverage&region=EndOfArticle&pgtype=article&_r=0&gt;\

[4][1] Rao, Anand. AI everywhere & nowhere. May 20, 2016. <http://usblogs.pwc.com/emerging-technology/ai-everywhere-nowhere-part-3-ai-is-aaai-assisted-augmented-autonomous-intelligence/&gt;

Artificial Intelligence in 20 Years December 8, 2016

Posted by erictong10 in AI Present and Future.
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In 20 years, I see Artificial Intelligence as an overall system that is highly integrated into our daily lives. With the continuous improvements in our technology’s capabilities and our trend of continuous growth in the computing field, Artificial Intelligence will continue to get stronger, safer and more reliable as time goes on. From our continuous use of Artificial Intelligence in more of an assisted intelligence role such as the manufacturing of vehicles to the integration of autonomous intelligence such as self-driving vehicles, Artificial Intelligence is and will continue to be products that help make our everyday lives easier and more efficient than it was in the past. Although I mentioned above that Artificial Intelligence will be highly integrated into our daily lives, there will still be portions of Artificial Intelligence that I believe will still need additional maturity and growth beyond the 20-year mark. The next few sections will provide a breakdown of three types of Artificial Intelligence (assisted, augmented and autonomous) as mentioned by Anand Rao of PwC and provide some insight in regards to the type of technology that will be integrated into our lives and what may still need some growth.

First with Assisted Intelligence, also known as Artificial Intelligence that replaces many of the repetitive and standardize task done by humans, will be one part of Artificial Intelligence that will be highly integrated in our daily lives especially in the industrial and consumer field. [2] For the industrial field especially with manufacturing, computerized systems are capable of performing labor-intensive jobs at a fraction of the cost. [3] Artificial Intelligence are able to perform more accurate movements and provide a safer environment for humans as the system takes away human interaction during more dangerous procedures during the manufacturing process. On the consumer side, many companies such as fast food chains are already replacing humans with self-order kiosk and/or companies such as Amazon are developing grocery stores without checkout, which just shows the beginning steps we as a society are taking in including assisted Artificial Intelligence in our daily lives. [4][5]

The next part of Artificial Intelligence to be highly integrated is augmented intelligence. Augmented Intelligence is known as when humans and machines learn from each other and redefine the breadth and depth of what they do together. [2] Products that fit within this category would be items such as Siri, Google Home, Amazon echo, etc. These types of products are currently in the integrating process as they are being introduce to many of the households throughout our society. The capabilities of this technology with the addition to technologies coming from other areas such smart houses can provide a convenient way to manage and adjust someone’s living quarters by  saying it’s “hot” or “cold” and having the machine learn the user’s preferences. This is something that is currently being introduced to many individuals and will continue to be a bigger part into everyone’s lives as time moves on.

The last type of Artificial Intelligence will be Autonomous Intelligence where the system is capable of adapting and learning in a continuous manner without the need of humans in making appropriate decisions. [2] Items that fit within this type of Artificial Intelligence are self-driving cars, autonomous aircrafts, autonomous robotic surgery, etc. This portion of Artificial Intelligence is where I see some of this type of technology being available as other products may need additional growth and effort. Products that I see available would be products such as self-driving cars and aircrafts. We can already see some introduction of this type of technology shown in self-parking cars, which will continue to progress into fully self-driving cars in the future with the current research being completed by companies such as Google. [5] The products that I see that may still need additional time to mature are products such as robotic surgery. At the moment, a lot of the testing has been completed on non-human procedures (mainly with stitching) with about a 40% success rate without the need of humans to intervene. [6] With such a delicate process, rigorous regulations that need to be followed and further testing that need to be complete, this technology still has a lot of maturity but has begun showing signs of improvement and usefulness as the precision of robots provides an effective attribute in surgery.

Overall, Artificial Intelligence will have a huge impact in our daily lives over the next 20 years. From making our lives more convenient to putting humans in a safer environment, Artificial Intelligence will continue to prove its effectiveness in our daily lives. The development of autonomous intelligence will be an interesting concept to follow in the future as the development of these products can help create new opportunities that we as a society may have never thought of.

References

[1] Unleashing Artificial Intelligence with Human-Assisted Machine Learning. Retrieved December 08, 2016, from https://www.datanami.com/2016/03/17/unleashing-artificial-intelligence-human-assisted-machine-learning/

[2] Rao, A. (n.d.). AI everywhere & nowhere part 3 – AI is AAAI (Assisted-Augmented-Autonomous Intelligence). Retrieved December 08, 2016, from http://usblogs.pwc.com/emerging-technology/ai-everywhere-nowhere-part-3-ai-is-aaai-assisted-augmented-autonomous-intelligence/

[3] Artificial Intelligence and Manufacturing. Retrieved December 08, 2016, from http://www.forbes.com/sites/mikecollins/2015/01/05/artificial-intelligence-and-manufacturing-part-one/#a50a7ca50229

[4] Chiel, Ethan. “Wendy’s Is Installing Self-order Kiosks So It Can Get Rid of Human Workers-and It’s Not Alone.” Fusion. N.p., 16 May 2016. Web. 05 Dec. 2016. http://fusion.net/story/302781/wendys-self-service-kiosks-fast-food-automation/

[5] Google Self-Driving Car Project. (n.d.). Retrieved December 08, 2016, from https://www.google.com/selfdrivingcar/

[6] Strickland, E. (2016). Autonomous Robot Surgeon Bests Humans in World First. Retrieved December 08, 2016, from http://spectrum.ieee.org/the-human-os/robotics/medical-robots/autonomous-robot-surgeon-bests-human-surgeons-in-world-first

If I were a venture capitalist and someone wanted me to invest in AI technology, I would … December 8, 2016

Posted by Rani Sebastian in AI Present and Future.
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We are surrounded by AI and news of and about AI.  We got a chance to read about the history, latest developments, proposed theories, hypes, hopes and fears of AI and reflected on a variety of topics ranging from classifications to ethics to naturalness and to cyborg behaviors. We even collectively defined AI as “Artificial Intelligence is the non-cognizant simulation of human intelligence through the use of programming based algorithms, created to assist humans in decision making in specific categories by analyzing and learning from past and present data in order to form solutions and/or complex predictions regarding future events without forming personal motivations”. [1]

Reviewing all that I have seen, heard, read and thought of AI in these last few months, if I were a venture capitalist, I will invest in AI in Healthcare.
This will include personalized medical care infrastructures, cognitive assistants, AI prosthetics, exoskeletons, related wearables and Internet of Things devices.

AI has immense potential to revolutionize our medical care and our lives.  With AI to assist we can address prime issues -clinical decision support, patient monitoring and coaching, automated devices to assist in surgery or patient care, and management of healthcare systems to name a few. [2] The list goes on quite long. In short, profound impact everywhere.  I visualize AI to be an augmented intelligence rather than assisted intelligence where humans and AI work collaboratively hand in hand to solve prime issues. In a study published by World Economic Forum for top 10 emerging technologies of 2016 – at least 3 were directly linked to healthcare. The study states – “several pieces of emerging technology have linked together in ways that make it easier to build far more powerful, human-like digital assistants—that is, into an open AI ecosystem. This ecosystem connects not only to our mobile devices and computers—and through them to our messages, contacts, finances, calendars and work files—but also to the thermostat in the bedroom, the scale in the bathroom, the bracelet on the wrist, even the car in the driveway”. We are very close to having this “open –AI – ecosystem” [3].

AI in health care does come with its share of challenges. One of the biggest challenges is data mining and machine learning. Data is crucial when dealing with the variability of human anatomy and genes. The data set for machine learning needs to be vast.  A machine can recognize the image of a cat or a dog easily because there are many labeled pictures of it already available. Consider brain mapping or MRI scans – even experts find them intimidating. So machine learning for these must scale up quickly. [4] There are ethical and legal issues too. But more than these, there is also the risk that all talk and fear of AI taking over humanity may result in slowing down acceptance.

I believe the collaboration of human and artificial intelligence will be the next major revolution.  At this point, we also have Kernel leading the way – Kernel is a new venture from entrepreneur Bryan Johnson started in 2016 to build the world’s first neural prosthetic for human intelligence enhancement. Kernel had been in news before too, but recently for the funding of $100 million to fund their mission.  As per Johnson –Why now? Because the sooner we begin co-evolving human and machine intelligence, the better. The relationship between human intelligence and artificial intelligence (HI + AI)will necessary be one of symbiosis”[5][6]
In this investment, I feel the odds are in my favor.

References:

[1]Unpublished communication

[2] http://www.healthcareitnews.com/news/stanford-posts-100-year-study-artificial-intelligence

[3] https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/06/top-10-emerging-technologies-2016,
https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/06/the-open-ai-ecosystem

[4] http://phys.org/news/2016-12-artificial-intelligence-revolutionised-healthcare.html

[5] http://www.wallstreetdaily.com/2016/11/30/artificial-intelligence-vs-human-intelligence/
[6] http://kernel.co/

AI In 20 years (or 30 or 40 or …) December 7, 2016

Posted by Benjamin Beeman in AI Present and Future.
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With the velocity in which new technology is invented and delivered to the world, it is difficult to predict what new discoveries will be done in the segment of Artificial Intelligence (AI). Today computing is all around us creeping into every aspect of our daily lives. Many things we don’t consider AI today, we may have been very much considered that 20 or 30 years ago. Consider spell check. On just about every device I can think of that takes text input, there is a spell checking system that is run in real time. Many times these spell checkers automatically replace the misspelled word with the one that is correct. But we don’t make a big deal about it, nor do most people think of it as AI. Yet, it must contain some level of intelligence to do just that, and that intelligence is inherently artificial.

The cutting edge of today’s AI research is working on some really amazing things. The Business Insider article “18 artificial intelligence researchers reveal the profound changes coming to our lives” brings up a few of these remarkable projects. They include autonomous robots that will keep human lives out of dangerous situations, human cyborg implants, and super smart computers that will answer questions with answers derived from massive amounts of data [1]. I think many of these projects will be a success and become part of our daily lives. At that time we will probably no longer consider them AI. They will be helpful tools. The successful ones will fade away in to the landscape as common fixtures. Humans don’t want to think that they live in an artificial world. If they create human cyborg implants that help people with brain defects. They will no longer call them AI cyborg implants. They will come up with a kind medical name for the wonderful device that helps so many people connect with the world around them.

Therefore the future of AI is in research and development. It will never be part of our daily lives because humans do not want it coined that way. I think the AI of the future will be research based around keeping us connected to the world around us, creating higher standards of living, and reducing stresses to humans that they don’t need to be stressed about. I think it will enhance communication. Many problems occur through miss communications. Like spell check, maybe AI can help, and when it does, it will no longer be AI anymore.

 

Reference:

 

  1. Prado, Guia Marie Del. “18 Artificial Intelligence Researchers Reveal the Profound Changes Coming to Our Lives.” Business Insider. Business Insider, 26 Oct. 2015. Web. 02 Dec. 2016. <http://www.businessinsider.com/researchers-predictions-future-artificial-intelligence-2015-10/#thomas-dietterich-doesnt-stop-there-he-hopes-ai-will-turn-us-into-superhumans-4&gt;.

What Most People Don’t Realize About AI December 6, 2016

Posted by sarahgraupman in AI Present and Future.
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Artificial intelligence is often thought of as humanoid robots, self-driving cars, and complex algorithms developed by computer scientists riding Segways around google’s campus. And while these are valid archetypes of A.I., A.I. is much more ubiquitous and often simpler than these grandiose images.

Most people do not realize how often they use artificial intelligence in their everyday lives. Artificial intelligence is asking Siri the weather and spam filters on your email (Rao). It is autocomplete on Google’s search engine and personalized news feeds on Facebook. It’s difficult to imagine a life with artificial intelligence since it surrounds us in almost everything that we do.

And that’s the frightening part.

Artificial intelligence has great capabilities that could improve and save many lives. But it also has the power to destroy the world we live in. The ubiquity of A.I. has made it easy for new uses to computers to sneak into our lives without us even realizing so. People are becoming more and more accepting of computers involvement of their daily lives, which has allowed for exciting, rapid development of A.I. We need to be careful of this though. We need to “ensure that A.I. research is focused on benefiting people, not hurting them”(Markoff). And we are lucky that some of the leaders in the tech industry, such as Google, Amazon, Facebook, IBM, and Microsoft, agree with this sentiment and have taken action to create a standard of ethics for A.I. (Markoff).

Most people may not realize that it is our responsibility to make sure that everyone working with artificial intelligence adheres to ethical standards so that we can effectively and morally leverage the power of computers.


Works Cited:

Markoff, John. “How Tech Giants Are Devising Real Ethics for Artificial Intelligence.” The New York Times. The New York Times, 02 Sept. 2016. Web. 06 Dec. 2016.

Rao, Anand. “AI Everywhere & Nowhere – AI Is UI (Ubiquitous Intelligence).” Next In Tech AI Everywhere Nowhere Part 2 AI Is UI Ubiquitous Intelligence Comments. PwC, 17 May 2016. Web. 06 Dec. 2016.

A Caution Moving Forward with AI December 4, 2016

Posted by 7942francor in AI Present and Future.
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As a citizen of the world I would caution against the funding of research in impractical humanoid AI robotics and the use of fully autonomous AI. I would encourage the support of research in practical AI technologies and Assisted/Augmented Intelligence instead of Autonomous Intelligence [1]. One issue with modern research in AI is the focus on creating humanoid AI robots. AI most definitely has its uses; however I don’t believe we should confine it to a humanoid structure. That is, we have been making AI less efficient by throwing money into research that has of little practical use. Creating robots that look, act and feel like humans isn’t the most efficient way to implement AI [2]. If we want to use AI to solve business, engineering and science problems, we don’t need it to have emotions or hands and feet for that matter. We need it to solve complex problems and output decisions with explanations of the risk/reward/statistics. Alternatively, if we need to utilize AI to perform physical tasks, I think in most cases we can leave AI out of it and use robots with programmed algorithms to perform the tasks at hand.

The major issue with fully autonomous AI is the lack of moral responsibility. If we leave major decisions completely up to AI, then who is to blame when such decisions negatively impact people’s lives? There are scenarios when AI may have to make a decision that either way will have a negative impact on humans. The argument of the autonomous car choosing between hitting a pedestrian or steering into a tree to avoid the pedestrian comes to mind [3]. We could blame the creator of the autonomous AI, but if we are discussing true AI, than the creator may not be to blame. What if the AI made decisions that were influenced by external malicious information it “learned”? One such example was the Microsoft Twitter bot Tay [4]. It was an AI that would learn through conversations it had on Twitter with the general population. Unfortunately it was shut down after a day as it turned into a racist, Hitler loving, sexist, conspiracy theorist. There is always the issue of bugs affecting algorithms. Such bugs in an assistant AI that brews coffee in the morning wouldn’t be so bad, however what about when the autonomous Tesla confused a semi-truck with the sky and drove under it killing the driver [5]?

We should concentrate on keeping research focused on practical uses for AI such as helping businessmen/women, engineers, scientists and doctors make complex decisions. We are a long way away from utilizing autonomous AI in a safe manner and it would be in our best interest to concentrate on implementing AI in an assistant/augmented format. Fully autonomous AI has been the end goal for many researchers and dreamers alike. Science fiction has played a large part in pushing these dreams into a reality as humans continually try to create life in an effort to describe its meaning. However, we must think practically and consider the possible dangers of overreaching with AI technology and heed the warnings of engineers, such as Elon Musk, who believe that AI is our “biggest existential threat” [6].

Sources:

[1] Rao, Anand. AI everywhere & nowhere. May 20, 2016. <http://usblogs.pwc.com/emerging-technology/ai-everywhere-nowhere-part-3-ai-is-aaai-assisted-augmented-autonomous-intelligence/&gt;

[2] Incredibles !. 5 Coolest ROBOTS You Can Actually Own! (2016). June 16, 2016. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0XmUaHf-11A&gt;

[3] Markoff, John. Should your driverless car hit a pedestrian to save your life?. June 23, 2016. <http://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/24/technology/should-your-driverless-car-hit-a-pedestrian-to-save-your-life.html?action=click&contentCollection=Technology&module=RelatedCoverage&region=EndOfArticle&pgtype=article&_r=0&gt;

[4] King, Hope. After racist tweets. Microsoft muzzles teen chat bot Tay. March 24, 2016. <http://money.cnn.com/2016/03/24/technology/tay-racist-microsoft/index.html&gt;

[5] Yadron, Danny. Testla driver dies in first fatal crash while using autopilot mode.  June 30, 2016.  <https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2016/jun/30/tesla-autopilot-death-self-driving-car-elon-musk&gt;

[6] Gibbs, Samuel. Elon Musk: artificial intelligence is our biggest existential threat. October 27, 2014. <https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/oct/27/elon-musk-artificial-intelligence-ai-biggest-existential-threat&gt;

AI in 30 Years December 4, 2016

Posted by Dawn Turzinski in AI Present and Future.
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In 30 years; I would expect Artificial Intelligence to very deeply integrated in our daily lives. Now, Artificial Intelligence is defined as: Machines doing repetitive cognitive tasks by means of learning from humans. To understand this, you should understand where we have come from and what types of Intelligence there are and where we are going.  I recently read a blog that well summed up the different intelligence types/stages.

Assisted Intelligence is intelligence where humans are making the key decisions but being assisted by some sort of automation. [1] As we look back at our history of technology, we have seen that each technology has assisted us in some way.  For example; with the introduction of the computer, we were assisted with programs to help streamline our daily lives.   Automated Call centers have been around for a while and sometimes we get frustrated because sometimes they don’t understand your question, but they have assisted us with being routed effectively.

We have now moved to Augmented Intelligence is intelligence where humans and machines learn from each other that defines scope and complexity of intelligence. [1] What comes to mind is Siri. When you ask Siri a question she remembers what you asked.  For example, if you ask How old Mrs. Obama is she said Michelle Obama is…. Suri is learning from you.  Another example is your GPS.  You tell it the coordinates you want to get to and it responds with the best route for you.  It learns from you want you want.  I think we are going to be in this stage of Augmented Intelligence for some time, because we need to learn and so do the machines so we can effectively move to the next stage.

Autonomous Intelligence is when we are feeling comfortable with allowing AI to take over our decision for us. Most of us are familiar with the self-driving cars. As we see in this technology has advanced but it is not 100% there, where we still need human interaction to make major decisions.  For example, to change a lane in this driverless car? It doesn’t take into effect other cars around you and what they are doing.  This semester, I read an article that asked if your driverless car hit a pedestrian to save your life?  [2] Think about that question for a second.  It depends on different circumstances.   Now, what are your responses?  Those are your morals and values you were brought up with.  Now, how is a car to know what is the proper solution for you?  They don’t.  Unless we can build a computer/car that you can input your variables into. Then that computer can learn you and make the proper decisions for you.

In 30, years, I believe we are going to see that the Augmented and Assisted Intelligence are here to stay. Advances in these will pave the way for Autonomous Intelligence.  These intelligences are making us feel comfortable in our daily lives where we will see the autonomous take over.

References:

  1. http://usblogs.pwc.com/emerging-technology/ai-everywhere-nowhere-part-3-ai-is-aaai-assisted-augmented-autonomous-intelligence/
  2. http://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/24/technology/should-your-driverless-car-hit-a-pedestrian-to-save-your-life.html?

AI in 20 Years December 2, 2016

Posted by kmeach in AI Present and Future.
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In 20 years I would expect AI to be established technology which is in use everywhere and by everyone.  I think if we look back on the history and trends of a few major products we can see just how embedded AI has become in our lives already.

Microsoft Windows 1.0 was released on November 20, 1985.  [1] I can remember when Windows first came out and it made computers accessible and understandable to the masses.  Entire industries changed to accommodate computers because of this and this laid the groundwork as one of the first widely commercial simple AI systems in that it allowed non-technical people to make use of the memory and computing power located inside the machine.  It would be hard to find someone who does not have experience using Microsoft Windows over the past 30 years.

The first generation iPhone was released on June 29, 2007.  [2] The Apple Iphone was another big step towards AI, probably even more so than Windows because it took computers from desks and put them in everyone’s pockets for reasonable prices.  The entire software industry had to start accommodating the functionality Iphones allowed and software programs which used to be run on desktop machines now had to be made into small apps with screen size, computing, and vendor restrictions.  New AI tasks moved things like maps from our vehicle gloveboxes and Garmins to the smart phones in our pockets.  All it takes is one trip outside your home to see people of all ages walking around holding, glancing, or staring at their smart phone to see the impact Iphones have had.

Finally, Siri has been an integral part of the iOS operating system and was introduced as a feature of the iPhone 4S on October 14, 2011. [3] The Siri AI assistant is the most widespread AI in use today.  There are over 94 million Iphones currently in use just in the US. [4] So how many people use Siri?  Sixty-two percent of iPhone owners use Siri in the car. [5] Siri is great when you are alone and driving and cant stare at a screen.  “She” is even programmed with some light personality and can tell a joke or two.  I really can’t imagine ever trying to cycle through an application list like a phone book ever again when AI like Siri is available to do those low-level tasks for me.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windows_1.0

[2] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IPhone_(1st_generation)

[3] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siri

[4] https://www.cnet.com/news/nearly-100m-iphones-in-use-in-the-us-new-study-shows/

[5] http://www.businessinsider.com/98-of-iphone-users-have-tried-siri-but-most-dont-use-it-regularly-2016-6

AI Present and Future November 28, 2016

Posted by Marquette MS Computing in AI Present and Future.
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After studying the state of technology in AI and several of the issues regarding the implications of AI growth and success, students will supply their opinions about the current state and the future of AI here.